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Analysis of the Energy Usage

3 weeks ago I installed 3 watt-hour meters and I started to analyze what and when uses energy.  Each of the meters got installed on one phase, their impulse outputs are connected to the PLC.  With the use of simple graphs, visualizations and tables I managed to catch the main energy consumers.

I do not expect to have a return on this investment i.e. to save an equivalent of the meters’ price on energy.  I do, however, expect to get information about how much energy my house uses and if there are differences to the indication of the official power station’s meter.  I also want to have the possibility to study the behaviors of the house occupants and the most common appliances.

I do not need to ‘trust’ the commercials offering energy-saving light bulbs – their consumptions is clearly visible on the graph.  I also have exact data about the cost of turning the lights in the evening on.  I see how much a working Ethernet switch or a TV on standby cost.

Źródło www.fif.com.pl; Licznik LA-01d tymczasowa analiza zużycia Wykres zużycia


Take a look at 2 graphs from 2 days in January:


It seems to be  regular day.  We wake up quite early and start boiling up watter for tea.  One can see a radical increase of energy uasge.  Then comes the noon, the time of 2nd breakfast and lunch.  Next around 4 p.m. the dinner is prepared.  One can see how the lights are turned on gradually - it gets dark quite early in January.  In the evening the kitchen oven was used as well.

I wanted to get more information.  The 'saw' on the green line and the violet line, which was never null were interesting.  I looked at a graph from a day when we were not home:



The scale is different and it is easier to read.  Here are the answeres that I have found:

  1. The green line shows how the fridge works. It is on 24/7 and turns the compressor on repeatedly.  Moreover - when the ice-cube function is on, the graph stays constantly at 150W.  There is no ice for free ;)
  2. The violet line with c.a. 100W constant consumption is the gravity pomp of central heating system.  It is built in into my Viessman.  One cannot see it, it is not loud but... it takes 100W.  We all know the beneits of condenssing boilers and the weather automation.  On no leaflet, however, can you find information, that the circulation pump works all the time!  90W * 24h * 150 day in the year gives some 325 kWh pera year!  If you want to know how much the 'weather automation' costs, you wound need to subtract the time the gas burner is on (the time when the pomp must work anyway).  Tak, czy inaczej, trochę to jest.

 A few words about programming.  In your PLC:

	ENERGY1_DURATION :DWORD; (*przechowuje odstępy między impulsami*)
	ENERGY1_TIME :TIME; (*przechowuje czas ostatniego impulsu*)
	ENERGY1_CONSUM :REAL; (*zużycie w W*)
	ENERGY1_TRIGGER :R_TRIG; (*sygnalizator impulsu*)

	ENERGYCOUNTER1 :DWORD; (*zlicza impulsy*)

* * * * *

ENERGY1_TRIGGER(CLK:=IN1); (*impuls z licznika podpięty jest pod IN1*)

In order to configure the graphs one needs to:

- in case of bar display': Configure-->Variable/Scale-->Variable: PLC_PRG.ENERGY1_CONSUM
- in case of line graph: Configure-->Trend-->Choose variable-->Add....